- 1. Prepare the construction site and pour the foundation
- 2. Rough framing is finished
- 3. Rough Plumbing, Electrical, and HVAC
- 4. Insulate your home
- 5. Start exterior finishes after finishing the drywall and interior fixtures
- 6. Finish the interior trim and lay out the walkways and driveway
- 7. Complete exterior grading and install hard surface flooring and countertops
- 8. Complete the mechanical trims and install the bathroom fixtures
- 9. Finish flooring, exterior landscaping, and install mirrors and shower doors
- 10. Walkthrough at the End
Here’s what to expect during the construction process’ various stages.
It’s wonderful to start building your new home, especially after you understand how the process works.
The Following Are the Ten Steps to Building a New Home:
Build Eco describes the typical procedures your builder will follow during the construction of a new home and will keep you informed at critical phases to help you prepare for and understand your new home’s construction.
1. Prepare the construction site and pour the foundation
- Obtaining Permits and Applying for Permits
- A construction crew levels the ground.
- Installs temporary foundation forms made of wood.
- The Footings Have Been Installed
Local authorities must approve the design and issue permissions for everything from zoning and grading (changing the shape of the land to accommodate your home and driveway) to septic systems, home construction, electrical work, and plumbing before a builder can put a shovel in the ground. Physical construction can commence if permits are obtained.
Site preparation and foundation work are usually done by the same crew, but with a wooded lot, this may not be the case. The crew clears the site of rocks, rubble, and trees for the house and, if required, the septic system, using a backhoe and a bulldozer. The crew prepares the site by leveling it, erecting wooden forms to act as a foundation pattern, and digging the holes and trenches. Footings (structures that connect the house to the earth that supports it) are put in place. At this time, if your home will have a well, it will be dug.
The pit is dug, the footings are created and poured, and the foundation walls are formed and poured if the home has a full basement. If the foundation is slab-on-grade, the footings are dug, shaped, and poured; the area between them is leveled and equipped with utility lines (such as plumbing drains and electrical chases); and the slab is poured.
It will take time for the concrete to cure after it has been put into the holes and trenches. There will be no activity on the construction site during this time.
The crew then applies a waterproofing membrane to the foundation walls, installs drains, sewer, and water taps, as well as any plumbing that needs to go into the first-floor slab or basement floor, and backfills the excavated dirt into the hole around the foundation wall after the concrete has cured.
After the curing process is completed, a city inspector inspects the site to ensure that all foundation components are up to code and properly installed. Depending on the type of foundation, this check may need to be repeated (slab, crawl space or basement). After that, your builder will remove the forms and start working on step two, the framing phase.
2. Rough framing is finished
- The floor, wall, and roof systems have all been completed.
- Exterior Walls are sheathed and protected with protective wrap.
The floor, wall, and roof systems have all been completed (collectively known as the shell or skeleton of the house). The outside walls and roof are sheathed with plywood or oriented strand board (OSB), and windows and exterior doors are fitted. The sheathing is then wrapped in a protective barrier called a house wrap, which keeps liquid water out while allowing water vapor to escape. Mold and wood rot are less likely as a result of this.
3. Rough Plumbing, Electrical, and HVAC
- The following items have been installed:
- Pipes and Wires are two types of pipes.
- Vents and Sewer Lines
- Lines of Water Supply
- Shower Units and Bathtubs
- Ductwork for a Heating and Air Conditioning System
- Vent Pipes in the HVAC System
Siding and roofing can be put once the shell is complete. Electrical and plumbing contractors begin running pipes and wires through the inside walls, ceilings, and floors at the same time. Sewer lines and vents are installed, as well as water supply lines for each fixture. Because there is more room to transport huge, heavy things, bathtubs and one-piece shower/tub sets are installed at this time.
The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, as well as the furnace, require ductwork. Insulation is installed in the floors, walls, and ceilings, and HVAC vent pipes are installed through the roof.
The house is deemed “dried in” when the roof is installed. An electrician then installs receptacles for outlets, lights, and switches, as well as running wires from the breaker panel to each receptacle. This project includes telephone, cable TV, and music system wiring.
Because it’s easier to run wires around pipes and ducts than vice versa, HVAC ducts and plumbing are frequently built before wiring.
Building code compliance is checked on rough framing, plumbing, and electrical and mechanical systems. These will most likely be three separate examinations. The framing inspection will be done separately from the electrical and mechanical inspections at the absolute least.
Drywall (also known as plasterboard, wallboard, or gypsum board) is supplied to the building site at this point.
4. Insulate your home
Insulation Types Used in New Homes
- Mineral Wool Foam
- Blocks of Concrete
- Concrete Forms for Insulation
- Foam Spray
- Insulated Panels for Structural Use
- Ridged Foam or Foam Board
Insulation helps to create a more comfortable, stable indoor atmosphere while also increasing a home’s energy efficiency. The thermal performance, or R-value, of insulation is one of the most essential characteristics, since it reflects how well the material resists heat transmission. All exterior walls, as well as the attic and any floors above unfinished basements or crawl spaces, are insulated in most homes.
Fiberglass, cellulose, and foam are the most prevalent types of insulation used in new homes. Your builder may also utilize mineral wool (also known as rock wool or slag wool), concrete blocks, foam board or rigid foam, insulating concrete forms (ICFs), sprayed foam, and structural insulated panels, depending on the region and climate (SIPs).
In new-home construction, blanket insulation, which comes in batts or rolls, is common. Loose-fill and blown-in insulation consisting of fiberglass, cellulose, or mineral-wool particles are also suitable. Liquid foam is another insulation method that can be sprayed, foamed in place, injected, or poured. Liquid foam has twice the R-value per inch as standard batt insulation and can fill even the smallest spaces, creating an efficient air barrier.
Batts and rolls made of fiberglass and mineral wool are commonly used in side walls, attics, floors, crawl spaces, cathedral ceilings, and basements. To act as a vapor and/or air barrier, manufacturers frequently affix a facing such as kraft paper or foil-kraft paper. Batts with a particular flame-resistant facing are sometimes used in situations where the insulation will be exposed, such as basement walls.
5. Start exterior finishes after finishing the drywall and interior fixtures
- The Drywall has been hung and taped.
- The texturing has been completed.
- Paint is applied to the first coat.
- The exterior finishes (brick, stucco, and stone) are applied.
Drywall is hung and taped to hide the joints between the boards, and drywall texturing (if needed) is finished. After the tape is finished, the priming layer of paint is applied. Exterior finishes such as brick, stucco, stone, and siding are installed by contractors.
6. Finish the interior trim and lay out the walkways and driveway
- Installed doors, window sills, and decorative trim
- Installed cabinets, vanities, and fireplace mantles
- The Last Coat of Paint
Cabinets, vanities, and fireplace mantels and surrounds are installed, as well as interior doors, baseboards, door casings, window sills, moldings, stair balusters, and other decorative trim. The walls are given a final coat of paint and, if necessary, wallpapered.
At this point, outdoor roads, pathways, and patios are usually formed. Because heavy equipment (such as a drywall delivery truck) might harm concrete, many builders prefer to wait until the conclusion of the job before pouring the driveway. However, some builders pour the driveway as soon as the foundation is finished so that residents’ shoes don’t get muddy when they visit the construction site.
7. Complete exterior grading and install hard surface flooring and countertops
Countertops, ceramic tile, vinyl, and wood flooring are all installed. Finish grading is conducted on the exterior of the home to ensure adequate drainage away from the house and to prepare the yard for landscaping.
8. Complete the mechanical trims and install the bathroom fixtures
The electrical panel is finished, with light fixtures, outlets, and switches fitted. The HVAC equipment has been installed, and the registers have been finished. Sinks, toilets, and faucets have all been installed.
9. Finish flooring, exterior landscaping, and install mirrors and shower doors
Installation of mirrors, shower doors, and carpets, as well as final housekeeping. Trees, shrubs, and grass have been planted, as well as other external landscaping.
A final inspection is completed by a building-code inspector, who then gives a certificate of occupancy. A follow-up inspection may be performed if any faults are discovered during this examination.
10. Walkthrough at the End
This is where you’ll see things that need to be modified or corrected!
Your builder will take you on a tour of your new home, explaining its features and the operation of various systems and components, as well as your care and upkeep obligations and warranty coverage and processes. A pre-settlement walk-through is another term for this. It’s also a good time to look for anything that need to be fixed or altered, so be alert and vigilant. Check for probable damage on the surfaces of the countertops, fixtures, floors, and walls. When a homeowner discovers a gouge in a countertop after moving in, there’s no way of knowing if the gouge was inflicted by the builder’s crew or the homeowner’s movers.